The literature review examines and evaluates existing academic research on a particular topic or area of ​​research, places it in context, and demonstrates its broader significance. As part of the literature review, your dissertation must include a critical analysis of all the sources you have researched in relation to your research subject, as well as identifying potential sources of information from these sources that your dissertation will address in more depth.

Why is a literature review important for your dissertation?

These are just a few reasons to include a literature review in your dissertation:

– It will help you to expand your general knowledge in your field of study.
– It is used as a technique to evaluate research already done in a particular field or topic and to identify possible gaps or inconsistencies in research.
– It helps you to develop and assign a new perspective to a specific area of ​​study.
– It helps you identify research methods that may be relevant to your work.

Preparing to write a literature review for your dissertation

Use different keywords in literature searches.

Many students begin their literature review with a keyword search of key discovery services and literature databases. So if you study the impact of the Internet on your teen’s learning experience, you can start your search with broader keywords or terms like ‘teen learning’, ‘pedagogy and the internet’ and ‘learning and the internet’. , and then refine these keywords based on your results.

Scanning summaries before reading an article saves time – so if the article doesn’t look like what you expected, you can skip it and move on. Article summaries can help with this phase of literature screening by giving you the key points and key findings of the paper in a condensed form, allowing you to quickly assess how useful the paper is to your research.

When you search for articles by keywords, you will often come across other keywords that you have not thought of and you will probably want to explore them further. Discovery services also recommend related articles, so the amount of screening paper can accumulate quickly, making it difficult for everyone to read, so you need a system or software to help you manage the amount of data.

Also, keep in mind that most of your sources should have gone through thorough peer review processes to make your work credible.

– Read the literature

A strong dissertation really depends on your knowledge of the literature on a particular topic.

Imagine this step as a journey into a deep, unfamiliar forest area – the quiet heart of the forest. Your research questions are the motivation for this journey, and you need to help your readers understand the rationale, research, and theories that led you there.

There are many different paths in this wooded area, and you also need to convince readers of the path you have chosen and why it is right. What sets this apart? Why did you choose Y instead of X in the study? What convinced you more than A’s argument than B? Why are you convinced of C’s theory?

You show the reader that you have thoroughly researched your research topic and that the questions you have chosen in your dissertation are both new and worth exploring.

– Identify potential gaps in the study

Data gaps are aids in your research. To establish the work you plan to do, you need to demonstrate that the topic deserves further research and that your line of research is new. Identifying gaps in research literature can help here.

Finding and discussing related research can help you show that your work is both relevant and necessary. And by pointing out gaps in relevant research and paying attention to the authors ’recommendations for further research, you can argue that your research is important.

– Organize your findings

Once you have found the relevant articles, you need to organize them systematically so that you can follow everything and cite all the sources correctly. Poorly organized articles can cause a lot of wasted time and frustration, so consider using article saving and referencing tools like Mendeley, EndNote, and Zotero.

Good habit organize your writing is to cut and paste related parts of the text (including their references) under the topic headings. It’s easier to organize or paraphrase later, but if you embed quotes and quotes in your writing early, this will save you time later.

You should also consider word processing tools such as Scrivener so you can quickly organize and rearrange the different parts of your work.

Preparation of a literature review

– Make an outline

You can use several methods to prepare a literature review of your dissertation. Some of the most common are listed here:

– 1. Organize your ideas into topics – so that readers can follow your arguments more easily. Topics such as leadership style, organizational performance, employee satisfaction, and information management are good examples of a review of the business management literature.

– 2. Chronological approach: build your literature review to show how relevant information and concepts have evolved. This approach can group breakthroughs, major developments, and setbacks into subsections.

– 3. Focus on research methods: other researchers may choose to organize or arrange their literature review according to the research method. This is well suited for blended learning.

– Main body

Depending on how extensive the literature review is going to be, you can divide this section into several areas. You can help structure your work and help your readers by using a different title for each theme, method, or theory.

Below are a few guidelines to help you achieve the perfect body for your literature review:

– Summary and aggregation: highlight the main results of each authoritative article or source and organize them into one coherent report.

– Examine and analyze: Include your own thoughts and arguments as needed. The simple wording again degrades the quality of the work. You should critically evaluate the results of previous research in relation to your own learning goals.

– Analytical evaluation: It is essential to properly interpret the material you are reviewing, including all relevant information, research topics, and limitations. Where possible, identify and outline commonalities and contradictions in your source material.


Be sure to include a summary of important key findings that you may have removed from the literature, as well as its suitability, relevance, and relevance to the objectives of the study.

You will also be expected to show how your research has contributed to progress in understanding the topic or filled the information gap. You will also need to outline how your research framework will be developed using established themes, theories and models.

It is good practice to summarize the impact and relevance of your literature review and make recommendations based on your findings and the knowledge gaps you have identified.



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