1. Introduction
  2. Career opportunities in IoT
  3. Responsibilities of an IoT Professional
  4. Skills required
  5. IoT wage trends
  6. Conclusion


IoT or the Internet of Things is one of the hottest growing areas on the Internet. Track vitality when using FitBit? Are QR codes scanned from your phone to make payments from your bank account? You named it, and the Internet of Things is for you.

Well, in layman’s terms, the IoT has to connect things to the Internet and be able to manage or track activity in any situation, regardless of your location. With 5G being developed, Internet of Things jobs are expected to sell soon like cakes.

In this blog, we’re trying to weed out some of the different career opportunities in this area.

Career opportunities in IoT

1. Data analysis

Simply put, it is one of the Internet of Things jobs designed to understand any data you collect with your IoT devices that is otherwise just a pile of data. This role is essential in the company as in this job; you must be very strong in statistical understanding, be able to find correlations, tabulate observations from data graphically and in a presentable way, and be familiar with the work of statistical-based languages ​​such as R, SAS, and some Python libraries such as NumPy, Pandas. etc. A person with all these skills is considered a resource for the company.

2. Network and network structure

In the world of IoT, the hardware configuration to deploy solutions can be complex, and huge pieces of sensors and wiring for various peripherals and ports greatly add to this complexity. If even one wire / connection fails for some reason, the machine may not work as desired or may not work at all. Therefore, this requires the need for a network architect. Professionals specializing in network settings and networks are required to ensure that all connections work well. In short, workers in this field must be able to design an efficient network architecture that is impervious to many wiring problems and monitors all communication protocols effectively.

3. Security

One of the core problems of the Internet is protecting users from hackers and malware. That’s why one of the Internet of Things jobs is dedicated to protecting your devices. If this part of your IoT solution is compromised and a hacker gets control of one device, the network will eventually no longer be vulnerable and all your data will be at risk. Professionals in this field are responsible for conducting regular testing and challenging system integrity with a variety of technologies, locating and repairing security vulnerabilities in any system failure, and placing the use of an IoT device under a smooth and secure communication bubble throughout the process. To work in this field, you need to know vulnerability assessment, public key encryption, and know the techniques for securing wireless networks. Understanding cybersecurity is a good way to go about this.

Lots of jobs

4. Hardware and equipment

What makes a device smart? Is it just connecting any device to the network? Well, that’s more. Organizations need to change their devices to fit their networks and work accordingly. While it is mostly about integrating multiple sensors and transmitters, it is one of the core tasks in the IoT industry. Professionals have the knowledge to work with various sensor modules, transmitters, protocols and integrators such as Zigbee, BLE; and keep themselves up to date by working towards new equipment / technology that comes mainstream.

5. User interface

This IoT job seems easy to plan compared to the jobs mentioned above, but requires a lot of creativity because the interface sells your product in the market. The average customer may not understand all the specifications of the device, but will make use of their choices depending on how comfortable it is to use. An interactive and eye-catching interface that provides all the management and understanding for customers is one of the selling points of your IoT product. There was a time when computers only worked on black screens with users who only used the command terminal and were managed by only a few professionals, but since all these devices were made available to people, it has become a daily necessity and their presentation has become more user-friendly. . If you choose to be an interface developer, your job would be to make sure users get the best experience (or interface) with your creativity and design skills. You should be able to put yourself in the shoes of your customers, understand and meet their requirements.

6. Sensors and Actuator Professional

As you dive deep into the field of devices and equipment, this job requires you to become familiar with setting the right type of sensors or actuators that will serve your application well and meet your system design and power requirements. Your job would also be to test different tools and constantly choose the most optimal solution for any application. You would also be responsible for researching and keeping up to date in the field, as well as researching a number of technologies. As an enthusiast, one could start by buying a set of sensors and trying to do small projects before adding professionalism to a professional level.

7. Embedded Software Engineer

Another IoT work for hardware is the most important part of your IoT device because it handles software and control code. As an embedded software engineer, your job would be to design multiple circuit boards that fit the utility of the problem under consideration and use the device firmware to program certain predefined and non-negotiated functions to use the device’s network connection. The integration of software technology into non-computer hardware and close collaboration with the hardware is a key role for the embedded software engineer.

8. Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence and machine learning skills are essential when the task involves analyzing large amounts of data and leading observations. Creating smart applications for huge amounts of data in artificial intelligence and the technologies mentioned in ML will help in the long run. Job seekers need to understand the algorithms designed in artificial intelligence, ML, and algorithms, and different people need to have a strong understanding of how to draw libraries to represent data effectively.

Also read: Teaching artificial intelligence to beginners

In summary, an IoT developer would work

  1. Research, build, test and document the latest IoT solutions with integrated electronics and firmware development.
  2. Develops innovative Internet of Things mechanisms to help monitor, implement, and execute self-diagnostic processes.
  3. You should be familiar with embedded software architecture – previous experience working with UML usage tables, class diagrams, and sequence diagrams to describe system architecture is highly valued.
  4. Develops MEAN stack solutions.
  5. Learn how new state-of-the-art tools / techniques work and implement to demonstrate experiences with rapid prototyping methods and structured implementation.
  6. Design and work on a variety of solutions from cloud to edge for IoT applications with customizable configuration capabilities for deployment to different clients with different needs.
  7. To work to solve complex problems in the real world.
  8. Design and work on tools to optimize the process.

Also read: A guide to building cloud-based IoT solutions in AWS

Significant skills are required to be an IoT developer

  1. Consider encoding in several programming languages, such as Embedded-C / C ++ and Python. In many cases, people do not have DSA skills, so they can choose courses such as the courses offered by Great Learning in DSA, GeeksForGeeks DSA self-study courses, and more. You can also refer to Coursera for different programming skills.
  2. Understanding the Linux operating system and its file handling, management, and process control processes can help a lot. Courses offered by the Linux Foundation, Coursera, and Udemy can provide a good start.
  3. You must have in-depth technical knowledge when working with 32-bit ARM cortex M3 / M4 controllers.
  4. You must have previous experience working with wireless stacks such as Zigbee or Thread or BLE-Mesh, and expertise in writing business logic in embedded environments using a test-based methodology on RTOS and non-RTOS platforms.
  5. You must be familiar with communication protocols, including I2C, SPI, 1-wire, UART, MODBUS, DALI, and have excellent communication, problem-solving, and analytical thinking skills.

The IoT India Salary Survey claims that the salaries of Indian Internet of Things professionals are almost 76% higher than those of IT professionals. While IoT professionals receive a median salary of .2 15.2 LPA, the median salary of IT professionals is approximately 8.65 LPA. Basic level salaries start at: ₹ 3.5 – ₹ 6 LPA, while intermediate level professionals can get around 10-25 LPA.


IoT is a very fast growing industry. The career opportunities of the Internet of Things that exist today can never even be imagined or thought of before. As we discussed, there are many areas to choose from at the moment, and you can either go to security, design the interface, or design different subsystems, such as sensors, embedded software. The choices before you are endless.

See full IoT courses Great Learning IoT Certification Course. Enhance your career by learning cutting-edge technologies from IIT Madras and Great Learning through online classes and mentoring.



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