We live in a highly sophisticated world where anything is almost achievable. There would probably have been no change between the world of today and that of three centuries ago if it had not been for necessity and fortuitous discoveries that men had to do great things. Science and technology have had enormous positive effects on all societies. Today’s world has gone digital, even human thought. Our world has been reduced to a global village and is better for it.
The benefits of science and technology far outweigh any perceived flaws. Some of the most important effects of technology are in the area of communication; via the Internet and mobile phones. There is the advancement of communication and the expansion of economic trade. Today we hear about information and communication technologies (ICT). Any institution worthy of the name must have it in place to be truly exceptional. Information technology has become stimulated in today’s generation; from the field of communication, business, education and up to the entertainment industry. Thanks to information technology, working performance is improved with less effort and higher productivity by using various operations. Without computers and the Internet, it will be difficult for people around the world to get their questions answered. The Internet can be used to locate a wealth of information with which to answer an essay question that may have been assigned to school, communicate with people, make transactions, access news, buy and advertise items. goods. The list is endless.
The advancement of science and technology today enables mass communication so that we have not only television, radio and newspapers, but even cell phones which render a versatile service; long distance calls, listen to the radio and music, play games, take photos, record voice and videos, and browse the Internet. The benefits we obtain from ICT services have spread in our generation today. It improves the level of production of individuals and workers because people’s knowledge of life beyond the area where they lived is now unlimited. This idea of mass communication also deeply affects politics, as leaders now have many ways to address the people directly. In addition to going on air to use radio or television, politicians take to social media for some of their political comments and campaigns. Information on protests and revolutions is circulating online, especially via social networks. This caused political upheaval and led to changes of government in most countries today.
In addition, current global issues are much more accessible to the public. Communication has also been taken to the next level as one can find new ways to communicate with loved ones at home.
Science and technology expand the knowledge of society. Science helps humans better understand how the world works, while technology helps scientists make these discoveries. Learning has been maximized through the various media being developed which are all interactive and take learning experiences to the next level. Businesses have grown and grown through breakthroughs in advertising.
Modern technology has changed the way many companies produce their products and run their businesses. The idea and use of video conferencing and web conferencing, for example, has helped businesses break down geographic barriers and gave them the ability to reach their employees and customers around the world. In today’s economy, it has helped businesses reduce the costs and inconvenience of travel, allowing them to meet as often as they want without having to worry about finding the budget to sort it out. Modern technology is helping businesses reduce their carbon footprint and go green because almost anything can be done from a computer.
There has been advancement in medical care through the development of science and technology. Advances in medical technology have made a huge contribution to extending the lifespan of people. People with disabilities or with health problems are now increasingly able to live closer to a normal life. Indeed, science is helping to develop drugs to improve health as well as technologies such as movable chairs and even electronic devices that monitor current body levels. Most of the devices used by people with disabilities are personalized and user-friendly.
Science and technology increase road safety. Today’s law enforcement officers use laser technology to detect when automobiles are exceeding speed limits. Technology has led to the development of modern machines such as cars and motorcycles that allow us to be mobile and travel freely and airplanes that travel at supersonic speed.
Another machine, the air conditioner, provides cool comfort, especially in hot weather. In offices where dress codes exist, people can afford to wear suits without worrying about the weather. It guarantees convenience even when the climate says otherwise.
In addition, today’s factories have modern facilities such as machines and software that facilitate production. These machines operate with a speed and perfection unmatched by human skills. These machines allowed the markets to have surplus products all over the world. For software, they make it possible to program machines, regulate production, monitor progress during recording, etc.
Modern technology has indeed been great. For third world countries, however, this has been difficult, especially in the area of production. Consuming alone and not being able to manufacture does not favor any country in terms of the trade balance. The most sensitive parts of the technology are the theoretical or conceptual parts and the technical parts. They are the backbone of technological development all over the world. Without ideas, there will be no technology. Third world countries must return to the essential, that is to say, the primitive. There must be a meeting ground for tradition and modern technological invention. Third world countries engage in an import substitution strategy where they import half-finished products and complete the end of the production process at the national level. Third world countries have started badly. They started by climbing the ladder from the top, which is very bad and difficult. They believed that the ability to purchase and operate modern technological products qualifies for the advancement of science and technological development. This makes the third world countries a dependent system because the work in the factories is a routine job and it inevitably comes back to the question of the idea of technology transfer. They should seek technology transfer, but the problem is that no nation is ready to transfer its hard-earned technological knowledge to another nation for certain reasons that make nations compete; world politics and economic prowess. It is the struggle to rule or dominate other nations technologically, economically and politically. Be the first to invent new gadgets and the latest electronic devices, including those used in modern warfare, use other nations as a market for finished goods, and have a strong voice and be able to influence other countries . They should consider engaging in tech espionage to acquire the basics of technological development if they are to break free from the shackles of technological domination.
In conclusion, it is only when third world countries begin to put an embargo on the importation of certain electronic and mechanical products that the need to be creative will replace the habit of consuming foreign products. Countries like Thailand, Burma, Brazil and South Africa etc. should be emulated. These countries experienced colonialism but they did not let it overwhelm their creative prowess. Industry and determination have seen them emerge as economic giants in today’s world. Third World countries should emulate them by carrying out appropriate feasibility studies to determine which technology will be suitable for their country; give more financial impetus to this field, train people to become experts; motivate and encourage naturally gifted and tech-inclined people to show off their best talents. These measures, if strictly observed, will greatly contribute to the advancement of these countries in the field of science and technology. If these countries are to achieve greatness before the next decade, they must make conscious and unremitting efforts. The time starts now! The longer they delay, the more backward they become.