The land remains static as the population increases. In Africa, the land is becoming barren, while desertification and the effects of global warming threaten the continent. The continent’s raw materials are dwindling. Who would Africa turn to for solutions?
For many years, the emerging independent states viewed agriculture as the magic of the continent’s development. They were unable to see that it was also possible that agriculture was Africa’s curse. They would have to buy agricultural machinery, fertilizers and medicine for animals from the developed world and sell their products to the developed world at a ridiculous price.
It is even worse today because the land is becoming an explosive source of conflicts that threaten to tear African countries apart. The same land has become infertile and there is a threat of desertification.
Due to global warming, agriculture has become an unpredictable activity. There is either a long dry period or too much rain. Injecting money into agriculture is a very likely source of frustration for the peasants who constitute a large part of the African population.
African countries have also long relied on the export of raw materials. The income they have earned from raw materials has not helped much and it is dwindling. Africa has been a source of diamonds, gold, copper, oil and other minerals for the developed world. Africa’s response to its development aspirations lies in technology. The fact that Africa’s population increases with the land does not mean that other people would have to work elsewhere to earn a living. And the hope of educated youth is in technology.
Africa also facing a declining resource base cannot afford to waste. Technology that would reduce waste and improve recycling efforts should be adopted by all African countries. African countries need technology to add value to their resources before exporting.
Most of today’s global trade is technology-based. Africa and its growing, young and educated population cannot afford to be left behind as the world struggles for a share of the tech trade revenues. Quoting the article by Allan Ngugi published in the Daily Nation on March 12, 2008 titled “We Should Think About Industries,” President Museveni told a session of the East African Legislative Assembly. “Many people in East Africa still depend on agriculture rather than being in industry and services. East Africa cannot provide enough jobs for the growing educated population. We will not earn enough foreign currency as we could (with industrial production) and we will not collect enough taxes. “
The technology will not only create jobs, but will help African countries deal with the problems caused by desertification and global warming.